10 basic pet care

It is necessary to offer food, protection, vaccination and also fun to dogs and cats.

Before adopting or even buying a pet, it must be borne in mind that the care needed to provide a quality life for pets goes far beyond providing water, food and a roof.

Therefore, ACidade ON asked veterinarian Ana Paula Teixeira da Silva for tips on how to take good care of your pet. Check out:

1. Protection
It is the owner’s duty to protect his animal from the sun and rain, in addition to preventing pets from escaping or going out alone on the street. Thus, we avoid fights, being run over, poisoning and undesirable offspring.

2. Feeding
Always offer good quality food, respecting the characteristics of each animal and age group (puppy food, adult and elderly). And always provide clean, fresh water.

3.
Neutering Neutering is always advisable when you don’t want a puppy. With this, we avoid overpopulation, abandonment, uterine diseases, neoplasms (cancer), prostate diseases, aggressiveness and territory marking.

4. Walks and play
Animals also need attention and affection. Therefore, it is necessary to walk dogs regularly and play with toys. In this way, we stimulate both the physical and psychological parts, helping to prevent diseases caused by stress and obesity.

5. Vaccination
Dogs and cats have a vaccination schedule according to their species and individual characteristics. Vaccination is usually annual and can only be performed by a veterinarian. Vaccines prevent serious diseases that can cause the animal to die, as well as diseases that can be transmitted to humans (zoonoses).

6. Parasite control
Owners should still be on the lookout for flea and tick infestations, which can transmit serious diseases to animals and humans.

7. Wormers
As with vaccines, wormers are very important, as intestinal parasites (worms) can compromise the health of animals, leading to weight loss, hair loss, anemia and zoonoses.

8. Oral hygiene
Dogs and cats also need to brush their teeth, but with specific veterinary products. Periodontal diseases, in addition to causing unpleasant bad breath, impair food, cause pain and bacteria in the mouth can come off and cause damage to other organs.

9. Bathing and brushing
In dogs, the ideal is to bathe every 15 days. In cats, this interval should be longer. The baths must be with veterinary products and with as little stress as possible. During these moments, you get a better look at your animal and thus you may notice something different or wrong.

10. Visits to the veterinarian
It is of great importance to have a consultation with the veterinarian at least once a year. Many diseases can be prevented with prevention. Always be aware of any changes in your pet’s behavior or habit, as this can signal illness.