With the increasingly hot summer, it is not easy to withstand the high temperatures that the country is facing, including animals. The furry ones feel more uncomfortable and need more responsibilities and care.
Humans manage to manage themselves as they can to ease the discomfort caused by the heat, but what about pets? There is no verbal communication for the owner to fully understand his needs, there are only signs in the behavior that can serve as a warning that the pet is in trouble.
So we consulted experts and put together a selection with several tips to save pets ‘ lives this summer:
1. Watch for signs
The heat is very uncomfortable for the animals. The specialist in canine aesthetics, Rafael Faria , explains that it is natural that they get more tired or discouraged during this period and depend on more attention.
“When the animal is hot, it gives some signs like, mouth open all the time, wheezing and difficulty walking . Some more sensitive breeds may have hyperthermia, low blood pressure, vomiting, heat stroke and even skin cancer ” , warns the professional.
2. Water, lots of water
Just like humans, animals must also always be hydrated, it is important to encourage them to drink plenty of fluids. The tip is to leave a large or small container in different places in the house with fresh, clean water.
“Ice cubes can help keep the water fresh and draw the attention of the dog or cat, in addition to being an incentive to hydration” , highlights Rafael.
We even teach you how to make this ice ball (image below), see here .
3. Do not leave the food exposed
In the heat, it is important to take some care with the feed. It is not recommended to leave it exposed for a long time, because the humidity of the animal’s saliva next to the temperature can cause a fermentation process and deteriorate the food.
The specialist explains that naturally pets will suffer changes in appetite, and it is not an alarming factor, as in summer they prefer to eat less or during the night, when they feel more comfortable.
4. Frozen or frozen fruits
A good way to refresh your pets is to introduce fresh and frozen fruits to your feeding routine. The fruits can be frozen in cubes and placed in the water pot to encourage the animals to eat and have contact with more nutrients. It is important to avoid acidic fruits with seeds and not even think about sugar popsicles.
5. Use sunscreen
Yes, the use of sunscreen is also important to protect the animals’ skin. There are specific veterinary products on the market that prevent burns in the most sensitive parts of animals, such as the ear, snout, eyes and belly. These are the regions that most absorb heat in the animals’ bodies.
Cats in focus
6. Watch out for parasites
During the summer the rate of flea and tick proliferation is higher due to the hot and humid environment. To prevent these parasites from settling in animals it is important to use hygiene products and medications to combat them, in addition to always keeping the place where the animal is used to staying clean.
7. Hygienic grooming, yes. Shave, no!
The hygienic grooming, in addition to helping to keep the animal clean, and to ease the infestation of parasites, assist in freshness and well-being. The veterinarian, Andréa Pimentel , from the channel “Vida de Veterinária”, highlights that the coat is very important for the protection of the animal’s skin, but with excessive heat it is recommended to reduce the hair length.
“It is important for them to feel comfortable. Do not shave, because the hair protects against the sun, burns and various things, but leave a smaller layer ”, he explains.
This dog life
8. Do not put walking shoes
The use of walking shoes is not recommended, as they muffle the animals’ paws and prevent heat exchange. We will talk more about the tour in other items.
Accessories recommended for summer use are repellent collars that prevent parasite contamination, icy mats and special drinking fountains for cats, as they prefer to drink running water and little bottles that become a container to keep them hydrated during the walks.
9. Give less baths
Despite the heat, hygienic baths should be less frequent. The ideal is at most one bath per week, as pets have a layer of fat that protects the skin. Frequent bathing can decrease this protection, causing dryness and injuries that facilitate contamination with fungi and bacteria.
10. The fresher the environment, the better!
To maintain the integrity of the pets, it is important to stay in cool, airy environments, away from the sun and excessive heat.
“It is necessary to keep the windows open and the house ventilated. With the open environment and greater ventilation, it is certainly where they will prefer to stay ” , warns Andréa Pimentel.
11. Car? No way…
The specialist, Rafael Faria, points out that he cannot leave the pets under any circumstances in a car alone.
“We know how dangerous it is to leave the dog alone in the car, so imagine in the heat. The temperature in the vehicle rises rapidly, especially if the windows are closed ”.
In addition to causing heat stroke, this can be fatal to pets .
12. Small animals can only walk when it is very cool
On the asphalt walks, the veterinarian Andréa Pimentel, reinforces the attention with shorter animals. Small dogs have their abdomen closer to the floor, which facilitates heat absorption and can cause burns and heat stroke.
13. Short-nosed animals need more attention in summer
Animals with short snouts like bulldogs and Persian cats, need special attention because they are brachycephalic and have more limited breathing.
A simple activity in the summer can result in excessive tiredness, wheezing or even lack of it. For that reason, be careful with places where there is a pool – we talk about it all here .
14. Children’s pool, you can!
Bathing pools are welcome to cool animals in the summer. Prefer small, children’s pools with clean water and no chlorine. Contact with chlorine can cause dryness in the animals’ skin, and if ingested it can cause stomach problems such as gastritis.
In addition, be very careful with the large pool, especially with brachycephalic animals and also heavy animals, which have difficulty swimming, as explained here .
15. Avoid going to the beach, leave it fresh at home
A day at the beach can be very pleasant for humans, but for pets it is not that interesting. Andréa Pimentel explains that the attempt to refresh the dogs on the beach can have a reverse effect, even under tents and kiosks.
“The issue is not only the heat towards him, it is what he absorbs from that place. It is better to leave him at home, safely, with a fan and everything fresh than to take him to the beach and he has a very serious problem of interception ”.
16. The time you should NOT be strolling
It is important to avoid walking during the hottest periods.
“Don’t leave between 10 am and 5 pm, even outside this period, give preference to shaded places with lots of trees” , highlights Rafael Faria.
Remember that the dogs’ paws are very sensitive, before contacting the asphalt, do the temperature test with your hands or prefer night walks.
In the summer, the climate is more prone to the proliferation of viruses, diseases and parasites. Up-to-date vaccines during this time are extremely important to preserve the health of the animals.
Dogs naturally magazine
18. What to do in case of breakdown or hyperthermia
Hyperthermia, or interruption, is a condition that the animal gets when it reaches the maximum stage of dehydration heat, with a body temperature above 41ºC.
The animal begins to show signs of excessive weakness, wheezing, open mouth and tongue all out and purple. When the pet reaches this stage it is time to run to the vet. Andréa Pimentel teaches important measures so that the animal reaches the vet with integrity.
“Place the animal under the shower with ice water and cool it as much as possible, then wrap it in wet, fresh towels and place ice packs on the abdomen until the vet arrives”.
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19. Do not give water during a crisis!
Andréa Pimentel says that trying to give water to the animal during a hyperthermia crisis can make the situation worse.
“Don’t try to water the dog! He is in the process of trying to breathe, and ingesting liquid through his mouth can end up creating a false route, bronchiospiring and further worsening his breathing ”.
The professional comments that it is essential to take the dog immediately to the veterinarian, as he is at risk of death and needs intravenous hydration.
20. Give affection and attention
Pets love affection, especially dogs. Stimuli and attention improve the mood of the animals, which naturally are downcast in the hottest periods. In addition to feeling important and loved, which improves their quality of life.