It is no wonder that dogs are known as man’s best friends. This friendship has lasted for thousands of years and these animals have shown that they are loyal, faithful, companions and very fun. However, knowing how to take care of a dog is essential to return all the affection that is given to us by these pets, isn’t it?
Every pet lover should be aware of some crucial information to keep your puppy always healthy and completely happy, ensuring his health, hygiene and safety, making the dog’s quality of life very high.
Don’t you know what this care is? No problem! Next, we’ll talk about the main ones, so that you can put them into practice and ensure a lot of joy and health for your buddy. Come on?
1. Leave the environment always clean and adequate
One of the first precautions for pet dogs begins with cleaning and maintaining the environment. To prevent him from getting sick or feeling uncomfortable, it is essential that the space dedicated to the pet is always very clean and suitable for him to live well.
Therefore, intercalate sun wings (essential for the production of vitamin D) with those of shade, provide comfortable surfaces so that he can sleep, and take care in the environmental enrichment, with toys and items so that he can be distracted while alone and avoid stress.
2. Take regular tours
Like us, dogs are susceptible to suffering from obesity, a very serious disease that affects the entire organism and the most diverse systems. Some breeds, such as the labrador or the dachshund, are more likely to gain weight and therefore need extra attention.
However, all animals need to walk, either to keep their weight at healthy levels or to expend all their energy. Preventing objects in your home from being destroyed to combat depression and anxiety, diseases that unfortunately also affect pets.
3. Don’t forget to get vaccinated
Still talking about diseases, it is crucial that the pet lover takes his dog so that all vaccines are applied annually. This prevents serious illnesses that can even lead the animal to death, such as distemper.
In puppies, up to 3 doses are given, with the spacing determined by the veterinarian. Then, annual booster doses are performed to ensure that the application’s effectiveness is not lost and that your pet is always protected.
4. Take care of deworming with extra attention
Unfortunately, deworming is often neglected by tutors. What few know, however, is that it is as important as vaccination for disease prevention and that failing to do so can also pose risks to the health of dogs and cats.
A good deworming is done in three stages, ensuring complete coverage throughout the year. In this model, doses include: summer (January to April), winter (May to August) and spring (September to December).
5. Help you maintain hygiene
Although dogs love games that involve a certain amount of dirt, dogs like to feel clean. In addition, this is important for them to stay healthy, as prolonged contact with certain substances can cause some skin problems.
For this reason, bathe (the frequency must be stipulated by a veterinarian), brush it daily (or at least every two days) and brush your mouth to prevent the appearance of tartar and periodontitis.
6. Provide quality food
It is from the food that all nutrients will reach your pet’s body. Therefore, providing a quality feed is essential. Pay attention to the ingredients used to prepare it, observe if there is the presence of dyes in the formula and prefer brands that are renowned on the market.
In addition, it is essential that the pet lover avoid giving his leftover food to the puppy, which can destabilize his body, causing vomiting and diarrhea. Another important tip is to always leave water at the disposal of the animal, so that it can hydrate itself throughout the day, avoiding kidney problems, among others.
7. Encourage play
It doesn’t matter the age of your pet: it will be an eternal baby in your eyes. Interestingly, the behavior of dogs changes little over time. Although they become wiser and more serene, you will rarely find a dog that says no for a good game.
Encouraging these games, whether physical or mental (excellent for preventing dementia and other diseases of old age), is essential to keep you happy and fulfilled.
8. Take the puppy to periodic consultations with a veterinarian
One of the most important tips concerns regular consultations with the vet. Having a trusted professional to count on is very important for every pet lover who wants to know how to care for a dog. They will be the guides throughout this process and help with all your doubts.
In addition, performing preventive check-ups is the best way to diagnose problems early and increase the chances of improvement of your friend. Thus, you guarantee many good years by your side!
9. Give all the necessary affection
Finally, our tip is: give love to your puppy. Unfortunately, many pets are disowned and abandoned. Like us, they feel the pain of abandonment and have very strong feelings for their family.
We know that the routine is somewhat like running and that it is often difficult to find time to relax and spend time with the pet. However, this is beneficial not only for them, but for the humans who are by their side and are infected with the good energy that these beings give us.
Did you understand better how to care for a dog? The important thing is to always be attentive and provide all the necessary assistance so that the pet is always happy and full of health, in addition to being very safe and comfortable. Respecting the individualities of this little animal and getting to know him well, too, is essential to avoid problems.