Summer came and brought up some issues that pet guardians should plan, consider and take care of. If it is time for a family vacation, you need to decide if you are going to travel with the pet and choose a ‘pet-friendly’ accommodation, or whether you are leaving the cat or dog in a pet hotel or with a family member or friend .
If you are traveling with the cat or dog by plane, bus, train or boat , make sure that the company accepts the transport of animals and under what conditions. Also ensure that the animal’s health is up to date : it is mandatory to have the vaccines and deworming , microchip and updated documents that the guardian must accompany (pet’s passport and vaccination report);
Seek advice from your veterinarian to help you prepare your pet for the trip. Cats and dogs can be territorial, so moving to a new environment can create some stress. During the trip, transport boxes or adapted seat belts (in the case of dogs) are mandatory to keep the animal safe during the trip.
To avoid seasickness , promote a fast three to four hours before your trip. It is important not to eat during the trip and to make frequent stops so that you can drink water in small quantities at a time.
When traveling by car, keep the vehicle cool through the use of air conditioning and / or open the windows from time to time to renew the air, but do not let the animal stick its head out, as it may increase the appearance of problems in dog’s eyes and ears.
Avoid the hottest hours, opting for the early hours of the morning and the hours of the end of the day or early evening to travel or take walks outdoors. Also, be careful when walking your dog on tar floors, as they can reach a temperature so high that they can sometimes hurt the plantar pads of the paws in a severe and painful way.
To facilitate digestion, hydration and correct nutrition, opt for a mixed feeding scheme, or mixfeeding , through the intercalation or combination of dry food and wet food, in complementary formulas corresponding to the animal’s usual food – which must be adapted their characteristics (species, race, age, weight) and needs (more or less active lifestyle , sterilization or not and sensitivities).
If you notice that the animal has a lack of appetite, something that can be common in the summer due to the heat, another good way to ensure that it stays well nourished and hydrated is to divide the daily amount of food by several small meals, given in a spaced way. throughout the day, this measure will also facilitate the entire digestive process.
Do not neglect the animal’s hygiene routines. Whether you are a cat or dog, especially if you have long hair, you should keep the weekly brushing and bathing routine as usual, to help remove dead hair, which causes more heat, and maintain skin and coat hygiene. For long-haired dogs may require shearing – them so they do not feel so hot.
Keep your pet in cool and airy places, with water always available. Animals practically do not perspire and the ways they have to lower their body temperature when they feel hot is through panting, drinking water or by direct contact with cold surfaces.
Be aware of heat strikes. Heat strikes are sudden rises in body temperature above 42 degrees which also affect pets. If the animal passes out, vomits or appears to be weak after exposure to heat, it is very important to seek the urgent help of a veterinarian. Stay calm and try to lower your body temperature: supplying it with water , placing cold towels on your body (especially around your belly and between your legs) or placing it next to a fan.