Previously on our blog we talked about typical pet diseases in winter , as well as how dry weather affects your pet’s health . Now let’s talk about high temperatures.
The heat, typical of spring, has arrived and as summer approaches, thermometers tend to boil. If the forecast of meteorologists is confirmed, we will have a period so hot that the rains will barely mitigate the effects of high temperatures. At that time, care should be taken in relation to food and hydration and the recommendation also applies to pets.
If you have a dog or cat at home don’t forget that they also need to drink more water in the summer . Few people realize this, but pets feel as much or even more heat than humans. That is why they need special care capable of providing them with health and a willingness to play and accompany the owners.
Generally speaking, people usually leave their food bowl full throughout the day so that the dog or cat can eat when they feel like it. The problem is that in the days of intense heat the food can deteriorate or even be attacked by ants, insects and even rats , depending on the location. Avoid these problems by offering food at cooler times and places of the day, always in the shade.
Throw away all leftovers because an industrialized dry food, when moistened with water and / or saliva and exposed to high temperatures, undergoes a fermentation process if it is not consumed immediately . The ideal, according to experts, is not to leave your pet’s food exposed in the bowl for more than 30 minutes in the case of dogs. In the case of cats that usually have food available all day, keep a smaller quantity in an appropriate place and replace it more times a day.
Many people forget or sometimes do not even know, but the ideal is to encourage your dog or cat to drink water every 15 or 20 minutes on hot days . It seems too short a time, however, it is not. They need good hydration.
During the summer, flea proliferation and tick infestation are also more common. During this period, baths should be less frequent, as they shorten the action period of most products used to control parasites. At the time of bathing it is necessary to observe whether or not there is the presence of parasites, possible lesions by bites, reddened areas on the body or even bruises. Dogs also suffer from insect bites that, in addition to causing discomfort, can transmit diseases such as leishmaniasis and heartworm disease. The bites usually occur in the hairless regions (ears, around the eyes, tip of the nose, abdomen), where it is possible to see the stinging lesions with severe itching at the site.
At any time of the year your pet’s vaccination schedule must be up to date, but in summer this measure is essential because of the incidence of rains, which, among other ills, causes the incidence of leptospirosis , a disease transmitted by the urine of rats disseminated by floods and floods. To prevent this virus, the animal must be vaccinated regularly. With animals that live at home, care must be taken extra care, preventing them from rodents that may transit in search of food scraps, feed and even animal feces.